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Chemical Dispersants for oil spills

Since 1975, industry and governmental officials charged with the responsibility for prevention, control, and cleanup of oil spills, particularly in the frontier areas such as North Slope, Beaufort Sea, Cook Inlet, and the Atlantic Outer Continental Shelf, became increasingly aware of the need for the inclusion of the dispersant options to mitigate environmental damage from potential oil spills. The adverse frigid environment in the Arctic and the severe wind, wave, and current forces manifested on the seas in frontier areas indicated to knowledgable parties that physical/mechanical control options such as booming and skimming were severely limited. The need for other oil spill control options in these areas led naturally to the reopening of the dispersant issue.